The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted every aspect of life in the US and challenged the capacity of the health care system like no other event in modern times. While policy makers struggle with how to deploy and rebuild the public health infrastructure and the biomedical and pharma industries race to a vaccine and therapeutic cures, it is important to evaluate the best model for delivering care in the coming decades. Physicians, hospitals, and other providers work in a myriad of organizational structures ranging from single-person medical practices to massive multistate integrated delivery systems. Providers are paid through a range of models, from piecework fee-for-service to full capitation for packages of benefits. In between, there are myriad financial models incentivizing providers to deliver high-quality care at lower costs.